Black Tea vs. Green Tea: Differences, Nutrition Facts, Flavors, and How to Make It

Tea is the most well-liked beverage on this planet, after water. The Chinese have been consuming tea for hundreds of years and have all the time believed that consuming tea is nice for one’s health. Today, individuals from everywhere in the globe agree and take pleasure in their day by day cup of black tea, inexperienced tea, or some other sort.

Before we come to the perennial debate of black tea vs. , let’s perceive what the key distinction between the 2 is. Traditional teas, together with black tea and inexperienced tea, come from the identical plant, Camellia sinensis. The most important distinction between the 2 is that black tea is fermented, whereas inexperienced tea will not be.

After first rolling the leaves, black tea makers expose them to air to start the fermentation course of. As a consequence, the leaves flip darkish brown and the flavors intensify. In the case of inexperienced tea, the leaves are steamed or pan-fried to forestall fermentation, which leaves inexperienced tea a lot lighter in shade than black tea.

You should additionally understand that lots of the pure advantages of tea are both diminished or inactivated throughout the fermentation course of.

Black Tea

Green Tea

Kenya is the world’s largest black tea exporter China is the world’s largest inexperienced tea exporter
World manufacturing of black tea to rise 2.2% yearly over the subsequent decade World manufacturing of inexperienced tea to rise 7.5 % yearly over the subsequent decade
By 2027, projected black tea manufacturing will attain four.four million tons By 2027, projected inexperienced tea manufacturing will attain three.6 million tons
Black tea leaves are dark-brownish in shade, with a candy aroma


Green tea leaves are inexperienced, and the liquor is delicate, pale inexperienced, or lemon-yellow

Black Tea vs. Green Tea: Caffeine Content

Which tea has extra caffeine? Both black tea and inexperienced tea include caffeine, however inexperienced tea usually has much less of it. Caffeine content material might range, nonetheless, due to the number of the tea plant, processing methodology, and brewing methodology. The caffeine content material in black tea is 14 to 61 mg per cup, whereas in inexperienced tea, it’s 24 to 40 mg per cup.

Drinking average quantities of tea (5 cups day by day) can briefly enhance your productiveness and psychological alertness, however consuming tea in extra would possibly maintain you awake deep into the evening. Many specialists advocate that you simply select inexperienced tea over black tea because it incorporates much less caffeine.

Pros & Cons of Black Tea & Green Tea

There are a number of black tea and inexperienced tea advantages for his or her drinkers, however each have a number of disadvantages as effectively.

Pros of Green Tea

Improves Heart Health

Those who drink inexperienced tea might have as a lot as a 31% decrease threat of affected by cardiovascular ailments. It prevents blood clotting and eases blood circulate by the arteries, which might help stave off coronary heart assaults. Green tea additionally incorporates tannins that assist in lowering LDL ldl cholesterol, also referred to as “dangerous” ldl cholesterol, and higher the ratio of excellent ldl cholesterol to dangerous ldl cholesterol in your physique.

Boosts Brain Function

Drinking inexperienced tea often may increase your reminiscence and general functioning of the mind. Catechin compounds in inexperienced tea are thought to decrease the chance of creating ailments comparable to Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s in outdated age. The drink additionally incorporates a pure chemical referred to as theanine, which has a chilled impact on the thoughts.

Helps People with Diabetes

People with diabetes might profit from consuming inexperienced tea often as a result of it incorporates antioxidants that decelerate the absorption of glucose within the bloodstream. According to current research, the catechins in inexperienced tea may restrict the amount of glucose that passes by the gut into the bloodstream. So, some diabetic sufferers have tea with their meals to assist forestall spikes in blood glucose ranges. Still, it’s essential to focus on any pure treatment together with your physician first.

Leads to Weight Loss

Some analysis means that fats burning, or oxidation, can enhance by 17% by consuming 4 to 5 cups of inexperienced tea in a day, doubtlessly serving to in weight reduction. The tea gives emotions of fullness and suppresses the first enzymes concerned in fats storage. It is very useful for individuals with large tummies because it melts the fats within the belly space.

The EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate) in inexperienced tea stimulates your metabolism, thereby rising the speed at which your physique converts meals into vitality.

Protects Skin

Green tea incorporates antioxidants referred to as flavonoids, which may combat the buildup of dangerous free radicals in your physique.This might assist prevent from creating a number of ailments and delay getting older as effectively. You can both apply inexperienced tea to the pores and skin or drink it. The catechins within the tea may make the pores and skin extra resistant to UV rays and forestall sunburn.

Cons of Green Tea

  • Drinking inexperienced tea in extra can enhance the quantity of calcium being flushed out within the urine. It reduces calcium absorption within the bones, and this deficiency of calcium might convey on osteoporosis.
  • Don’t drink inexperienced tea on an empty abdomen for those who endure from a peptic ulcer or acid reflux disorder, as a result of it incorporates tannins that enhance abdomen acid and usually trigger stomachaches and constipation.
  • Green tea incorporates caffeine, so consuming an excessive amount of of it will possibly lead to illnesses like coronary heart palpitations, convulsions, insomnia, lack of urge for food, restlessness, nervousness, and irritation.
  • Kidney stones are product of calcium combined with phosphate or oxalic acid. Green tea is wealthy in oxalic acid, which can lead to kidney injury. Green tea extract dietary supplements have been recognized to trigger liver injury as effectively.
  • Women who’re attempting to conceive, are pregnant, or are nursing ought to keep away from inexperienced tea utterly, or simply have up to two cups a day. Green tea incorporates EGCG, which can intervene with fetal improvement and even create post-natal issues like low delivery weight or untimely supply.
  • Green tea interacts with sure drugs and can lead to issues, so it’s all the time higher to seek the advice of your physician earlier than consuming it alongside together with your medicines.

Pros of Black Tea

Black tea incorporates particular polyphenols referred to as theaflavins. These highly effective antioxidants are the product of fermentation and are liable for lots of the tea’s advantages, together with enhancing endolethial perform. This relates to the essential internal lining of blood vessels.

Prevents Dizziness

Dizziness will be the results of excessively low blood strain. Drinking black tea can briefly enhance your blood strain, so some individuals use it as an answer for stopping the situation. However, those that already endure from hypertension ought to keep away from consuming black tea.

Reduces Headaches

Some individuals drink black tea after they have a headache as a result of caffeine will be an efficient ache reliever. However, caffeine itself could cause complications, so the jury continues to be out on this one.

Improves Mental Alertness

Since black tea incorporates caffeine, consuming it will possibly stimulate mind perform. Tea drinkers might really feel extra mentally alert with elevated and sharpened considering abilities.

Helps in Weight Loss

If you drink plain black tea with none sweeteners or components, it serves as an ideal diet-friendly drink as a result of it has a really low variety of energy and fats. It has caffeine, which may stimulate your metabolism, so some individuals really feel that it helps in weight reduction.

Kidney and Stomach Health

Black tea acts as a diuretic, selling an elevated manufacturing of urine and serving to your kidneys take away salt and water from the physique. This may additionally forestall the formation of kidney stones. Black tea can be used to deal with abdomen issues and associated signs comparable to diarrhea and vomiting.

Cons of Black Tea

  • If you might be already affected by illnesses comparable to iron-deficiency syndrome, coronary heart issues, nervousness issues, bleeding issues, glaucoma, hypertension, and irritable bowel syndrome, black tea can worsen your medical situation.
  • Black tea may also be harmful for individuals who endure from hormone-sensitive situations like endometriosis or breast most cancers, because it reveals estrogen-like exercise. It’s additionally been proven to affect blood sugar ranges, which may additional complicate your diabetes therapy.
  • As with inexperienced tea, the caffeine current in black tea might trigger a number of undesirable unwanted effects like nervousness, sleep issues, heartburn, diarrhea, vomiting, convulsions, and tremors in some individuals when consumed.
  •  The caffeine in black tea may also be addictive; a psychological dependence could also be very troublesome to overcome each mentally and bodily.
  • Drinking an excessive amount of black tea can inhibit your physique’s absorption of vitamins like calcium, and in flip inhibit your physique’s use of vitamin D. This might enhance your chance of creating brittle bones and osteoporosis.
  • The caffeine element in black tea can negatively work together together with your drugs in several methods. In the case of antibiotics, they might block your physique’s skill to break down the ingested caffeine. If you take stimulants, it could additional overstimulate your system, which may lead to coronary heart issues.
  • In the case of different drugs, the caffeine can change the way in which your physique processes the drugs itself, thereby lowering the efficacy and security of the remedy.

Black Tea and Green Tea: How To Make It

1. How to Make Black Tea

Ingredients (per one cup)

6 ounces water
1 teaspoon free leaf black tea
Optional: milk, honey, fruit preserves


  • Heat the water in a tea kettle to a rolling boil.
  • Place one rounded teaspoon of tea leaves within the teapot or cup. Pour the water over the tea leaves.
  • Cover the teapot or cup with a tea cozy or a thick towel to retain warmth.
  • Steep the tea. You may need to style the tea at three minutes and then each 30 seconds till it’s to your liking.
  • Stop the infusion. Lift out the infuser to take away the leaves or pour the tea by a strainer as quickly because the tea is prepared.
  • Add milk or sweetener (non-obligatory). If utilizing milk, warmth it regularly by including the milk to the cup first, then pouring within the tea.

2. How to Make Green Tea

Ingredients (per one cup)

6 ounces water
1 teaspoon free leaf inexperienced tea


  • Place the water in a tea kettle and warmth it to about 170 levels F.
  • Place one teaspoon of tea leaves within the teapot or cup. Pour the water over the tea leaves.
  • Place the lid on the teapot, or if utilizing a cup, cowl it with a lid or a small saucer.
  • Steep the tea for one to three minutes. Small leaves usually infuse extra rapidly than giant leaves. Set a timer for one minute.
  • Try sampling the tea at one minute and then each 30 seconds till it’s to your liking.
  • Lift out the infuser to take away the leaves or pour the tea by a strainer as quickly because the tea is prepared.

Types of Flavors Available in Black Tea & Green Tea

1. Types of Flavors in Black Tea

Black teas are hottest in western international locations, and there are a number of varieties:

Sri Lankan Black Teas

Sri Lankan black teas like Ceylon black tea will range by area of origin. Generally talking, Ceylon black tea affords a strong, spicy taste with refined notes of chocolate.

Indian Black Teas

Indian black tea flavors have been described as each fruity and malty. For instance, Darjeeling black tea has delicate, floral-fruity flavors, whereas Assam black teas are sturdy and sharp, with a chocolate-like, malty taste. Floral-accented Nilgiri black tea is barely extra aromatic than the Darjeeling varieties.

Chinese Black Teas

Chinese black teas even have a variety of flavors. Yunnan black tea is comparable to the Assam teas of India, with its spicy, chocolate and malty flavors.  The Keemun black teas grown within the Anhui province have the fruity taste profile of wine, but in addition include tobacco and pine accents.

2. Types of Flavors in Green Tea

The manufacture and consuming of tea are handled as artwork types in Asian international locations. You’ll discover that elements such because the manufacturing course of, the area the place the tea plant is grown, and/ or the quantity of rainfall the vegetation obtain will have an effect on the flavour and style of inexperienced teas.  In common, there are two most important forms of inexperienced tea—Chinese inexperienced tea and Japanese inexperienced tea.

Chinese Green Tea

China is the biggest producer of inexperienced tea with tea gardens that stretch from it’s coast to the mountains. The tea makers hand-harvest solely the youngest leaves and buds to put together inexperienced tea.

The hottest kind of Chinese inexperienced tea is Long Jing, also referred to as Dragonwell. Long Jing inexperienced teas are on the greater finish of the standard and worth scale. When brewed Long Jing inexperienced teas are a jade shade and function a nutty and vegetal taste with a clean end.

Another favourite inexperienced tea is gunpowder inexperienced tea. Tea artisans gently form the inexperienced tea leaves into small pellets that appear like gunpowder grains. It is among the few Chinese inexperienced teas that’s steamed, not pan fired. The leaf pellets broaden when steeped in boiling water, leading to an infusion of daring, barely minty flavors.

Japanese Green Tea

In Japan, producers choose to steam dry the tea leaves fairly than pan fry them. Green tea leaves are grown within the shade in Japan to assist protect chlorophyll that offers these teas a vibrant inexperienced shade. Japanese inexperienced teas include excessive concentrations of amino acids that lend an umami taste to the teas.

The hottest forms of Japanese inexperienced tea are Matcha inexperienced tea and Gyokuro. Matcha is a inexperienced tea powder that incorporates your complete leaves of the tea plant. This tea offers a number of health advantages because it incorporates all of the antioxidants and chemical compounds present in inexperienced tea leaves. Gyokuro is essentially the most exported inexperienced tea from Japan and options an emerald inexperienced shade. This tea affords a wealthy and satiny really feel with savory and candy flavors.

Which Tea Should You Drink, Black Tea or Green Tea?

As we’ve famous above, each black tea and inexperienced tea provide a number of health advantages to drinkers. Which tea to drink depends upon your distinctive tastes and preferences.

You can experiment with black and inexperienced teas sourced from completely different areas to uncover the nuances of every taste. Learning the historical past behind the completely different tea varieties may make the tea consuming expertise extra fulfilling. There are small variations in artisanal processes and progress strategies, which might help you respect the completely different flavors in your tea. It’s actually up to you to select and drink the tea of your liking.

When it comes to your health, inexperienced tea is believed to have the upper antioxidant content material, although each teas provide helpful polyphenols that may enhance blood vessel perform.

If caffeine is an issue for you, inexperienced tea usually has decrease quantities of the stimulant and will be the better option. However, each teas include tannins, which may intervene together with your physique’s skill to take in important vitamins.

The Final Word on Black Tea vs. Green Tea

The leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant are used to produce many forms of tea, together with the 2 hottest ones: black tea and inexperienced tea. The most important distinction between the 2 is that black tea is fermented and inexperienced tea will not be. Some individuals might choose inexperienced tea to black tea as lots of the pure advantages of black tea get misplaced or broken throughout the fermentation course of.

Both black tea and inexperienced tea have a number of benefits and disadvantages when it comes to consuming them. Black tea has been discovered to enhance psychological alertness, lower the ache in complications, assist in digestion, forestall dizziness, and help in weight reduction. However, it could additionally trigger undesirable unwanted effects, intervene within the functioning of your remedy, lead to an habit, worsen present illnesses, and lower the absorption of sure vitamins like calcium.

Scientific and anecdotal proof suggests consuming inexperienced tea improves cardiovascular health, reduces the possibilities of affected by Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s, reduces the quantity of glucose within the bloodstream, helps in weight reduction, and protects your pores and skin from UV rays and sunburn. On the opposite hand, it’s been recognized to trigger illnesses like insomnia and convulsions,  calcium deficiency, issues in pregnant ladies just like the untimely supply and even loss of life of the fetus or toddler, stomachaches and constipation, injury to kidneys and the liver, and issues within the functioning of some drugs.

As for which tea to drink, black tea or inexperienced tea, there are not any hard-and-fast guidelines. You can select both one and even combine the completely different kinds of tea obtainable with the intention to provide you with the concoction that’s simply good for you. Just be conscious of your health standing and any pre-existing situations when you choose your tea. There are many forms of teas on the market simply ready for you to sip and take pleasure in them!

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